The impact of smoking on conception extends to men as well. Men who smoke tend to have lower sperm counts, issues with motility (sperm’s ability to move) and an increase in abnormally-shaped sperm. Smoking also may negatively impact a sperm’s ability to fertilize an egg.
The effect of smoking on the ability to conceive is also experienced by women who are exposed to secondhand smoke. Such exposure can also present health problems after birth.
“If you’re a smoker or you’re exposed to secondhand smoke, you and your baby have a higher risk of many things – low birth weight, premature birth, pre-term labor and a baby that doesn’t grow well,” Augustine says.